Gum disease is common in Norway; almost everyone suffers from gingivitis at least once in their life. Periodontitis affects around 10 per cent of the population, and 5 per cent of Norwegians suffer from advanced periodontitis. Nevertheless, few people are aware of the risks.
Caries, which is the technical term for cavities, is an infection caused by bacteria normally found in the mouth. Caries are formed by carbohydrates in the diet being fed to bacteria in the plaque on the teeth; the bacteria in the plaque convert the carbohydrates to acid, which over a period of time will attack the tooth enamel.
Why do bacteria thrive on our toothbrush?
Bacteria were probably the first living organisms on earth. Today, more than 10,000 species have been recognised, and many are still unknown. Bacteria are found in large quantities everywhere in nature, but they are so small that we don’t notice them. For instance, a spoonful of soil can contain more than 10 billion bacteria.
Why do we have teeth? And what is good dental health?
Dental health is a term used to describe the condition inside our mouth. Good dental health means that teeth are clean and free of food residue, gums are pink, and tooth decay is minimal. Good oral hygiene is the most important aspect of maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Healthy teeth feel good and look nice. Having healthy teeth enables us to chew and speak with ease.